By Sophie Dulhunty at December 04 2018 15:52:51
The possibility of developing some such artifact has intrigued human beings since ancient times. With the growth of modern science, the search for AI has taken two major directions: psychological and physiological research into the nature of human thought, and the technological development of increasingly sophisticated computing systems. In the latter sense, the term AI has been applied to computer systems and programs capable of performing tasks more complex than straightforward programming, although still far from the realm of actual thought. The most important fields of research in this area are information processing, pattern recognition, game-playing computers, and applied fields such as medical diagnosis.
For the production of rice, the energy consuming equipments used include blowers, elevators, motors, boilers and steam distribution and many more. The efficiency of the product (rice) depends on the utilities maintained by the rice production mills such as electricity, air, water, labour, etc. Many of the rice plants in India and also in the different parts of the world adhere to several procedures for rice processing such as drying of rice, cleaning of rice, milling, whitening, polishing, grading, blending, sorting and packaging. There are different types of sorters and separators used for the rice to be free from any type of dust, fungal infections, plastic granules, unwanted grain, etc.
In medicine, programs have been developed that analyze the disease symptoms, medical history, and laboratory test results of a patient, and then suggest a diagnosis to the physician. The diagnostic program is an example of so-called expert systems-programs designed to perform tasks in specialized areas as a human would. Expert systems take computers a step beyond straightforward programming, being based on a technique called rule-based inference, in which preestablished rule systems are used to process the data. Despite their sophistication, systems still do not approach the complexity of true intelligent thought.
In the last years some organizations have emerged with the aim of creating professional communities around specific disciplines such as Software Development (SEI, ESI, etc...), Project Management (PMI), Business Process Management (BPMI), IT Service Management (ITSMF), etc... One of the objectives of these groups is to develop a body of knowledge that compiles the discipline's best practices in the form of reference frameworks, methodologies and maturity models. These assets should be considered by any organization interested in knowledge process management.